What to do with research results: Warning!

Clarence ‘Sonny’ Williams wrote:”Almost all behavioral geneticists will literally warn you about what you should and should not do with their research.

My comment: I did not see any warnings associated with the results from the ENCODE project research. What I saw was an indirect admission that geneticists missed an important aspect of genomic adaptation in the context of a changing environment across species from microbes to man. Had they included the fact that genomic adaption occurs via nutrient-dependent gene duplication, for example, they might have realized why they can’t explain away or even begin to decipher the complexity of human cells. Perhaps the implied warning from the ENCODE project is: “WE DON’T KNOW WHAT WE THOUGHT WE KNEW!”

Clearly, what’s known is that the epigenetic effects of nutrient chemicals drove the evolution of the human genome along with the epigenetic effects of nutrient chemical metabolism to pheromones. The combination of these epigenetic effects on intracellular signaling and stochastic gene expression drives adaptive evolution via ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction.

I’m sure Darwin would have recognized that long ago if he had only a minimal understanding of genetic predisposition and trangenerational epigenetic inheritance. How could any astute intelligent observer not realize that what pigeons eat contributes to their phenotypic expression of behaviors, which were inherited along with every other aspect of their phenotypic expression? How could anyone who recognized that fact today not extend to humans the concept of  the epigenetic tweaking of immense gene networks in superorganisms that solve problems through the exchange and the selective cancellation and modification of signals?

Granted, it is now clearer how an environmental drive evolved from that of food ingestion in unicellular organisms to that of socialization in insects. But one need only start with what can be observed in avian species and watch for further details that fill in any theoretical holes with biological facts. Who has been bird-watching since Darwin’s time? Who has been watching what’s been learned about other species? Why didn’t geneticists or evolutionary theorists realize that random mutations do not cause adaptive evolution or that the epigenetic effects of nutrient chemicals and pheromones do cause adaptive evolution? Why doesn’t everyone today realize that olfaction and odor receptors provide a clear evolutionary trail that can be followed from unicellular organisms to insects to humans? Is everyone watching too much television, instead?

Kohl, J.V. (2012) Human pheromones and food odors: epigenetic influences on the socioaffective nature of evolved behaviors. Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology, 2: 17338.

About James V. Kohl 1308 Articles
James Vaughn Kohl was the first to accurately conceptualize human pheromones, and began presenting his findings to the scientific community in 1992. He continues to present to, and publish for, diverse scientific and lay audiences, while constantly monitoring the scientific presses for new information that is relevant to the development of his initial and ongoing conceptualization of human pheromones. Recently, Kohl integrated scientific evidence that pinpoints the evolved neurophysiological mechanism that links olfactory/pheromonal input to genes in hormone-secreting cells of tissue in a specific area of the brain that is primarily involved in the sensory integration of olfactory and visual input, and in the development of human sexual preferences. His award-winning 2007 article/book chapter on multisensory integration: The Mind’s Eyes: Human pheromones, neuroscience, and male sexual preferences followed an award winning 2001 publication: Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology, which was coauthored by disinguished researchers from Vienna. Rarely do researchers win awards in multiple disciplines, but Kohl’s 2001 award was for neuroscience, and his 2007 “Reiss Theory” award was for social science. Kohl has worked as a medical laboratory scientist since 1974, and he has devoted more than twenty-five years to researching the relationship between the sense of smell and the development of human sexual preferences. Unlike many researchers who work with non-human subjects, medical laboratory scientists use the latest technology from many scientific disciplines to perform a variety of specialized diagnostic medical testing on people. James V. Kohl is certified with: * American Society for Clinical Pathology * American Medical Technologists James V. Kohl is a member of: * Society for Neuroscience * Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology * Association for Chemoreception Sciences * Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality * International Society for Human Ethology * American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science * Mensa, the international high IQ society