Two days after serious scientists report that there is no such thing as the evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria, see: Team discovers how microbes build a powerful antibiotic
Pope Francis declares evolution and Big Bang theory are right and God isn’t ‘a magician with a magic wand’
Excerpt: “Evolution in nature is not inconsistent with the notion of creation, because evolution requires the creation of beings that evolve.”
My comment: The Pope echoes Dobzhansky (1973) who wrote: “I am a creationist and an evolutionist. Evolution is God’s, or Nature’s, method of Creation. Creation is not an event that happened in 4004 B.C.; it is a process that began some 10 billion years ago and is still under way.”
Dobzhansky also wrote: “…the so-called alpha chains of hemoglobin have identical sequences of amino acids in man and the chimpanzee, but they differ in a single amino acid (out of 141) in the gorilla. ( p-127)” If Dobzhansky was not still dead, he would link the amino acid substitutions that differentiate the cell types of bacteria to the amino acid substitutions that differentiate the cell types of primates without the pseudoscientific nonsense of evolutionary theory. For example, a recent report on lizards show that the morphology of two species diverged after only 20 generations. See We need pattern recognition, not a prologue for other examples of rapid nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological speciation that occurs very quickly in other species. There is no indication that divergence takes eons or that new species evolve.
If the Pope were not motivated to please the scientifically illiterate evolutionary theorists, he would learn it has become obvious that
1) amino acid substitutions are nutrient-dependent; that they
2) arise in the context of RNA-directed DNA methylation and RNA-mediated events, and that
3) RNA-mediated events link the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of DNA in the organized genomes of species from microbes to man.
Instead, anyone who thinks Dobzhansky was a serious scientist should ask the Pope if he is an evolutionary theorist or evolutionary theist. If he is, he should try to explain what other evolutionary theorists and evolutionary theists have never explained. If nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations are readily linked via amino acid substitutions to ecological variation, what role does anything else but nutrient availability play in the cell type differentiation?
Mutations perturb protein folding, which means they cannot be linked to increasing organismal complexity via evolutionary events. Furthermore, no experimental evidence of biologically-based cause and effect links mutations to biophysically-constrained ecological adaptations. That would require violation of the second law of thermodynamics, which links thermodynamic cycles of protein biosynthesis and degradation to cell type differentiation via amino acid substitutions that stabilize organism-level thermoregulation. Nutrient-dependent stability of the organized genome is essential to survival of individuals and their reproduction is controlled by the metabolism of nutrients to species-specific pheromones.
Anyone who thinks that evolution somehow leads to controlled reproduction should describe how that might be possible. Serious scientists have already suggested it is not. For example, see: A universal trend of amino acid gain and loss in protein evolution. “We cannot conceive of a global external factor that could cause, during this time, parallel evolution of amino acid compositions of proteins in 15 diverse taxa that represent all three domains of life and span a wide range of lifestyles and environments. Thus, currently, the most plausible hypothesis is that we are observing a universal, intrinsic trend that emerged before the last universal common ancestor of all extant organisms.”
The only plausible explanation for the similarities that link amino acid substitutions from nutrient-uptake to pheromone-controlled reproduction in species from microbes to man is that the Big Bang and the Creation of life did not randomly occur, and that random mutations have never been the substrates on which directional natural selection acts to get from something other than nutrient uptake to anything other than ecological adaptations. If that is what the Pope is trying to tell others, he should not use the ridiculous term ‘evolution’ in the context of God’s Creation via nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations. Theorists might get the idea that Pope Francis supports their ridiculous claims about mutations and natural selection that somehow automagically lead to the evolution of biodiversity manifested in the morphological and behavioral phenotypes of species from microbes to man via conserved molecular mechanisms.