Everything known about quantum biology “…suggests conscious experience is intrinsically connected to the fine-scale structure of space–time geometry, and that consciousness could be deeply related to the operation of the laws of the universe.” See for review: Consciousness in the universe: A review of the ‘Orch OR’ theory.
These laws of the universe might lead others to think in terms of “laws of biology” (biological laws). Indeed, many informed scientists could expect that ecological, social, and neurogenic niche construction would result in socio-cognitive niche construction, which appears to be a manifestation of increasing complexity in ecologically adapted organisms. For constrast, nothing known about mutations and natural selection leads to any informative explanation of biologically based cause and effect that involves any laws of biology. Evolutionary theory is useless because only biological laws link sensory input from the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of DNA in the organized genomes of species from microbes to man. Thus, the problem for evolutionary theorists is that cause and effect occur outside the context of the evolution of biodiversity.
In addition, we now know that cause and effect occur within the context of Darwin’s ‘conditions of life.’ See: Quantum biology: Algae evolved to switch quantum coherence on and off. The news article reports that mutations perturb the function of amino acid substitutions that link photosynthesis in algae to the laws of biology in other organisms via nutrient-dependent amino acid substitutions. In this report, light is the nutrient.
In other organisms, amino acid substitutions enable ecological adaptations that result from ecological variation, which includes variation in light linked to ecological adaptations manifested in eyes and in eye regression in blind cave fish. However, these ecological adaptations are perturbed by mutations. Thus, attributing either the evolution of eyes or eye regression to mutations is a false attribution.
In the context of the quantum biology of consciousness, “They found that in two species a genetic mutation has led to the insertion of an extra amino acid that changes the structure of the protein complex, disrupting coherence.” This suggests that in all animals, the amino acid substitutions appear to link cell type differentiation via nutrient uptake and metabolism to species specific pheromones that control the physiology of reproduction.
Everything known about the photosynthetic, micronutrient, and macronutrient pathways that link ecological variation via base pair changes to ecological adaptations shows that mutations perturb the protein folding that is required for niche construction to result in increasing organismal complexity via amino acid substitutions. Mutations simply cannot result in the organismal complexity manifested in organisms with eyes.
For contrast, see: Evolution of the first genetic cells and the universal genetic code: A hypothesis based on macromolecular coevolution of RNA and proteins “The origin of homochiral amino acids and sugars is assessed. The integrated development of the Universal Genetic Code in shown in eight steps. Mutation rates limited the sizes of early nucleic acid genomes to about 200 bases.”
In the context of Kohl’s Laws of Biology, achiral glycine links the nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled stabilized genomes of yeasts and mammals via the conserved molecular mechanisms of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions. See: Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems. Perhaps it will shed light on how the nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in algae is connected across species via amino acid substitutions in organisms from microbes to man. But, even if you are unable to see the light, there is still no experimental evidence that links it (e.g., the light) as a nutrient source to nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations.
As I said once before: “It’s time for biophysicists to tell theorists and pathologists how to differentiate between theories about the genesis of different cell types and the biological facts about the nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations that enable the genesis of different cell types in individuals of different species. Simply put, it’s time to stop trying to explain ecological adaptations in the context of mutations and evolution.”
See also: ‘Quantum smell’ idea gains ground” Let there be light as a nutrient source for life and cell type differentiation via amino acid substitutions — as noted by Dobzhansky (1973): Nothing in Biology Makes Any Sense Except in the Light of Evolution. As it turned out, nothing about evolution makes sense except in the light of what’s known about light as the first nutrient source for ecological variation and ecological adaptations. For comparison, mutation-driven evolution is pseudoscientific nonsense. Sunlight, for example, alters levels of the steroid hormone vitamin D, which stabilizes the genome of human populations in areas where malarial parasites forced the nutrient-dependent ecological adaptation of lactose persistence.