Data from the ENCODE project attest to the odds against any individual of any species surviving long enough to reproduce. The only way to beat those odds would be to allow nutrient chemicals to epigenetically effect intracellular signaling and stochastic gene expression
…attention should be focused on the model organisms Bonasio and others, like me, have used to detail precisely how the differentiation of species, brains, and behaviors are driven by nutrient chemicals and pheromones.
Given the odds against non carbon-based life on other planets, perhaps some of us need definitions to tell us what life is. Others will look at what’s known about our adaptive evolution via ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction…
Chemical ecology is, of course, responsible for adaptive evolution via ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction (i.e., brain development). How could anything else but chemicals (nutrient chemicals and pheromones) be responsible for similarities and differences in cell types of the brain in different species?
What did the early ethologists think was responsible for nutrient acquisition in surviving avian species?
The nutrients that organisms eat are metabolized to the pheromones they produce, which control social decision-making in all species.
In species from microbes to man receptor-mediated changes caused by nutrient chemicals and pheromones alter intracellular signaling and stochastic gene expression.
…nutrient chemicals establish the ecological niche of different bacterial species and that nutrient calibrated receptor-mediated events link the metabolism of nutrients to pheromones that standardize and control speciation
The molecular biology of how nutrient chemicals calibrate the survival of individuals and how the metabolism of nutrients to pheromones that standardizes and controls species survival appears to link the nature and nurture of receptor-mediated behavioral development across species.
Does anyone know how else to link the social environment directly to brain changes and behavior in invertebrates or vertebrates? In the honeybee and in rodents it appears that olfactory/pheromonal stimuli provide this direct link.