Archaerhodopsin variants with enhanced voltage-sensitive fluorescence in mammalian and Caenorhabditis elegans neurons Directed evolution of a far-red fluorescent rhodopsin reported as: New technique uses a […]
This is an open access article. Any advocate of adaptive evolution via random mutations can attempt to find evidence that I could not find by scanning it.
epistasis is achieved via the epigenetic effects of nutrient chemicals, which are balanced by the epigenetic effects of their metabolism to pheromones that control reproduction in species from microbes to man.
Stochastic gene expression is not random; it results from nutrient chemicals like glucose entering the cell.
Ingestive behavior and social behavior are odor receptor-mediated in all species (not just those that are sensitive to light) as would be expected due to the common molecular biology of all species.
When we realize that nutrient chemicals metabolize to species-specific pheromones that control reproduction in species from microbes to man, the story line about random mutations or the effect of any mutation on adaptive evolution changes.
No mammal survives without the epigenetic effect of pheromones on species-specific differences in behavior, including sex differences in behavior.
the epigenetic effects of chemicals from our sensory environment on GnRH are probably essential to the development of an evolved brain and behavior involved in seeking out proper nutrition and reproductively “fit” mates.