Isn’t there an allegorical representation in Biblical Genesis of how we acquired our God-given ability to choose, albeit one that was better suited to deliver a Creation message to those who lived during times passed
Data from the ENCODE project attest to the odds against any individual of any species surviving long enough to reproduce. The only way to beat those odds would be to allow nutrient chemicals to epigenetically effect intracellular signaling and stochastic gene expression
The literature on prosocial behavior can be succinctly summarized.
Has anyone else detailed the required bottom-up/top-down reciprocity of the adaptively evolved gene, cell, tissue, organ, organ system pathway, which is exemplified in the honeybee model organism I used to link the adaptive evolution of microbes to man?
what if the epigenetic effects of pheromones on hormones associated with the physical trauma caused PTSD in women that affected subsequent behavior?
…chemical signals akin to species-specific pheromones are responsible for the ligand-receptor binding that enables the progression to colony formation as a more effective means of nutrient acquisition.
Chemical ecology is, of course, responsible for adaptive evolution via ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction (i.e., brain development). How could anything else but chemicals (nutrient chemicals and pheromones) be responsible for similarities and differences in cell types of the brain in different species?
evolutionary theorists cannot, without question, make the assumption that we are primarily visual creatures. The basis for that assumption was a non-existent avian model
Natural selection for a well-nourished conspecific that is reproductively fit is ensured via the epigenetic effects of nutrient chemicals and pheromones.
Taken together, these two open-access articles from the supplement offer a concise and reasonably accurate overview of the receptor-mediated events that are required for adaptive evolution.