theorists argue that the 4.5 million interactive DNA switches in the human genome evolved via random mutations.
Stochastic gene expression is not random; it results from nutrient chemicals like glucose entering the cell.
most people should be closer to thinking in terms of adaptive evolution via ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction, which makes sense.
It’s interesting to see Feldman indicate that “human movements drove a new form of natural selection” as if there was ever any other form of natural selection that had been detailed across species by anyone else.
the epigenetic effects of nutrient chemicals and pheromones that enable the ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction that is responsible for our adaptively evolved behavior.
Has anyone calculated the odds that two 1-2-3 stage dependent exaptation events would concurrently occur?
Why didn’t geneticists or evolutionary theorists realize that random mutations do not cause adaptive evolution or that the epigenetic effects of nutrient chemicals and pheromones do cause adaptive evolution?
it is also clear that nutrient chemical-dependent gene duplication is a mechanism of genomic adaptation to a changing environment (Kondrashov, 2012), and that pheromones epigenetically control nutrient dependent-speciation