Pheromones, life, and death in an evolutionary arms-race

The genetics of life and death in an evolutionary arms-race

Excerpt: “An organism’s phenotype (behaviour) can be the product of the genes expressed in another organism”

My comment: If anyone tried to explain how mutations caused adaptive evolution, this example of across-species cause and effect would probably refute what I think is a ridiculous theory.  However, until someone tries to explain how mutations cause adaptive evolution, most people may be more comfortable with theory than with facts that attest to Darwin’s “Conditions of Existence” and the role pheromones play in “Natural Selection” for phenotype expressed as differences in behavior.

Excerpt: “Our results confirm that parasitism by a parasitoid wasp can lead to behavioural modifications in an aphid host.”

My comment: Parasitism leads to behavioral modifications across species that interactively alter reproductive fitness. See also: Animal Mind Control for details on how the complex systems biology of nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled behavior is exemplified in the synergy of interactions among species from insects to humans.

More information: Parasitoid wasps influence where aphids die via an interspecific indirect genetic effect

About James V. Kohl 1308 Articles
James Vaughn Kohl was the first to accurately conceptualize human pheromones, and began presenting his findings to the scientific community in 1992. He continues to present to, and publish for, diverse scientific and lay audiences, while constantly monitoring the scientific presses for new information that is relevant to the development of his initial and ongoing conceptualization of human pheromones. Recently, Kohl integrated scientific evidence that pinpoints the evolved neurophysiological mechanism that links olfactory/pheromonal input to genes in hormone-secreting cells of tissue in a specific area of the brain that is primarily involved in the sensory integration of olfactory and visual input, and in the development of human sexual preferences. His award-winning 2007 article/book chapter on multisensory integration: The Mind’s Eyes: Human pheromones, neuroscience, and male sexual preferences followed an award winning 2001 publication: Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology, which was coauthored by disinguished researchers from Vienna. Rarely do researchers win awards in multiple disciplines, but Kohl’s 2001 award was for neuroscience, and his 2007 “Reiss Theory” award was for social science. Kohl has worked as a medical laboratory scientist since 1974, and he has devoted more than twenty-five years to researching the relationship between the sense of smell and the development of human sexual preferences. Unlike many researchers who work with non-human subjects, medical laboratory scientists use the latest technology from many scientific disciplines to perform a variety of specialized diagnostic medical testing on people. James V. Kohl is certified with: * American Society for Clinical Pathology * American Medical Technologists James V. Kohl is a member of: * Society for Neuroscience * Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology * Association for Chemoreception Sciences * Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality * International Society for Human Ethology * American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science * Mensa, the international high IQ society