Pheromones and detectable odors

Sensitivity to the chemicals in food odors and social odors (our pheromones) varies among individuals. Some of the variation is genetic; some is due to individual experiences with odors from different foods or from different people. When concentrations of an odor increase or repeated exposure results in extreme sensitivity to an odor associated either with food or other people, the odor can leave a lasting unpleasant impression. That’s why a few people may not like an odor they associate with the pheromones contained in pheromone-enhanced products. Women raised on farms exemplify this fact; they almost invariably report a negative odor they associated with pheromones in products that contain any of the androstenes. Androstenone, is almost always offensive, and perceived as a urinous odor. But other androstenes: androstadienone, androstenol, and — to a lesser extent — even androsterone can smell urinous to some women, and even to some men. It is not possible to formulate any human pheromone-enhanced product that will appeal to everyone, just as not all foods appeal to everyone.  However, just as we can add spices to food to make some food more appealing, we can add human pheromones to products that make people more appealing to the vast majority of people in their social environment. That’s how pheromones enhance your social experiences, and it’s also how spices enhance your dining experiences.

Partial Bibliography

Dorries, K.M., Schmidt, H.J., Beauchamp, G.K., & Wysocki, C.J. (1989) Changes in sensitivity to the odor of androstenone during adolescence. Developmental Psychobiology, 22, 5, 423‑435.

Doty, R.L. (1975) An examination of relationships between the pleasantness, intensity, and concentration of 10 odorous stimuli. Percept Psychophys, 17,, 492‑496.

Voznessenskaya, V.V., Feoktistova, N.U., & Wysocki, C.J. (1998) Sexually dimorphic sensitivity to the odorant androstenone (AND) in genetically inbred strains of mice that are sensitive or insensitive to AND. Chemical Senses, 23, 5, abstract.

Wang, H.W., Wysocki, C.J., & Gold, G.H. (1993) Induction of olfactory receptor sensitivity in mice. Science, 260 (May 14), (5110), 998‑1000.

Wysocki, C.J., & Beauchamp, G.K. (1984) Ability to smell androstenone is genetically determined. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA, 81, 4899‑4902.

Wysocki, C.J., Beauchamp, G.K., Schmidt, H.L., & Dorries, K.M. (1987) Changes in olfactory sensitivity to androstenone with age and experience (abstract) Chemical Senses, 12, 710.

Wysocki, C.J., Dorries, K.M., & Beauchamp, G.K. (1989) Ability to perceive androstenone can be acquired by ostensibly anosmic people. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA, 86, 20, 7976‑7978.

About James V. Kohl 1308 Articles
James Vaughn Kohl was the first to accurately conceptualize human pheromones, and began presenting his findings to the scientific community in 1992. He continues to present to, and publish for, diverse scientific and lay audiences, while constantly monitoring the scientific presses for new information that is relevant to the development of his initial and ongoing conceptualization of human pheromones. Recently, Kohl integrated scientific evidence that pinpoints the evolved neurophysiological mechanism that links olfactory/pheromonal input to genes in hormone-secreting cells of tissue in a specific area of the brain that is primarily involved in the sensory integration of olfactory and visual input, and in the development of human sexual preferences. His award-winning 2007 article/book chapter on multisensory integration: The Mind’s Eyes: Human pheromones, neuroscience, and male sexual preferences followed an award winning 2001 publication: Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology, which was coauthored by disinguished researchers from Vienna. Rarely do researchers win awards in multiple disciplines, but Kohl’s 2001 award was for neuroscience, and his 2007 “Reiss Theory” award was for social science. Kohl has worked as a medical laboratory scientist since 1974, and he has devoted more than twenty-five years to researching the relationship between the sense of smell and the development of human sexual preferences. Unlike many researchers who work with non-human subjects, medical laboratory scientists use the latest technology from many scientific disciplines to perform a variety of specialized diagnostic medical testing on people. James V. Kohl is certified with: * American Society for Clinical Pathology * American Medical Technologists James V. Kohl is a member of: * Society for Neuroscience * Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology * Association for Chemoreception Sciences * Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality * International Society for Human Ethology * American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science * Mensa, the international high IQ society