inferred that evolutionary theory is evidence-based science:
Excerpt: “… the U.S. can claim no superiority in our approach to evidence-based science, as demonstrated by the fact that nearly half of the country rejects the “theory” of evolution…”
This article attests to the need to substitute evidence-based science:
Excerpt: “But what about mixing genes between unrelated species? The fish and the tomato? Turns out viruses do that all the time, as do plants and insects and even us – it’s called gene flow.”
My comment: The fact that viruses mix genes between unrelated species attests to how bio-physically constrained nutrient-dependent cell type differentiation has always occurred in species from microbes to man. Indeed, “– it’s called gene flow.” However, others may not realize that gene flow is bio-physically constrained by the nutrient-dependent chemistry of protein folding. For example, the de novo creation of receptors allow nutrients to enter cells. The nutrients differentiate cell types.
Gene flow is controlled by nutrient-dependent thermodynamic cycles of protein biosynthesis and degradation. That is how the epigenetic landscape is linked to the physical landscape of DNA in the organized genomes of species from microbes to man. For instance, the metabolism of nutrients to species-specific pheromones controls the physiology of reproduction and experience-dependent RNA-mediated fixation of amino acid substitutions. The substitutions typically control cell type differentiation via feedback loop. That fact may encourage others to learn more about how ecological variation leads to ecological adaptations in morphological and behavioral phenotypes.
Unless people are taught to believe in biologically-based facts supported by experimental evidence, serious scientists may never convince them that GMO-linked mutants might not lead to the death of us all. Doubts will remain from the time when they were taught to believe in evolutionary theory.
In theory, mutations are beneficial — unless they are not. When they are not, they kill us, which is how GMO-linked mutants may kill us all — unless they don’t.
Indeed, if mutations are constrained by the laws of physics; the chemistry of protein folding; and the conserved molecular mechanisms of cell type differentiation that link RNA-mediated events to biodiversity in species from microbes to man via amino acid substitutions, they may lead to ecological adaptations manifested in biodiversity.
For example: “…the so-called alpha chains of hemoglobin have identical sequences of amino acids in man and the chimpanzee, but they differ in a single amino acid (out of 141) in the gorilla.” — Dobzhansky (1973)
For a prescient (i.e., science fiction) representation of biological facts about virus-induced cell type differentiation that led from ecological variation to ecological adaptations manifested in a new human species see: Darwin’s Radio (1999) and Darwin’s Children (2003). This video representation of two works by Greg Bear’s may also be of interest for a quick overview of what is currently known about biologically-based cause and effect.