Human pheromone deniers

Human Pheromones: Abandoned by the Wayside

Excerpt:This dependence on learning and context undercuts the most fundamental idea of a pheromone; that is, that responses to it are “instinctual” and therefore not learned. Similarly, the fact that most chemosignals altering mammalian behavior and/or physiology are complex mixtures often lacking species-specificity, rather than being potent and essential singular compounds, further erodes the utility of the term “pheromone”. Because of these concerns, it is perhaps wise to restrict the term to molecules that have met each and every criterion of a pheromone, as used in the classical ethological sense. [emphasis by Avery Gilbert]”

See: Chemosignals, Hormones and Mammalian Reproduction

My comment: “Pheromones are defined as substances which are secreted to the outside by an individual and received by a second individual of the same species, in which they release a specific reaction, for example, a definite behavior, or a developmental process.” – Karlson and Luscher (1959)

In the definition above there is no “…fundamental idea of a pheromone.” They simply do not exist as an idea or as individual chemicals.  In the classical ethological sense, pheromones exist as blends of chemicals just as food odors exist as blends of chemicals.

It is academically irresponsible to come up with an idea that ignores the definition of pheromones, and to then tell people that human pheromones don’t exist. It is as foolish as telling people that food odors don’t exist because no individual chemical component of a food odor alters a specific reaction, definite behavior, or developmental process in every human.

Human pheromones and food odors alter physiology and behavior via the same molecular mechanisms found in species from microbes to man. We could not possibly have adaptively evolved to become more visual creatures — as human pheromone deniers often claim. We know that the appeal of food is chemical, not visual.  For proof, close your eyes and take a bite of something.  Or simply acknowledge the fact that adaptive evolution is nutrient-dependent and pheromone-controlled, if only because that fact is exemplified in all animal models.

The honeybee model organism is most pertinent to discussion of human pheromones. What the queen bee eats determines her pheromone production and everything else about the hormone-organized and hormone-activated behavior of every bee in the colony.  Our behavior is hormone organized and hormone activated just like the behavior of all insects and all other mammals.

Pheromones directly effect hormone-organized and hormone-activated behavior in all species of invertebrates and vertebrates. This is consistent with nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution in species from microbes to man.  Denying that human pheromones exist is consistent with nonsensical theories about how differences in nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled behaviors evolved in species from microbes to man.

See also: Dialogue on pheromones: Avery Gilbert / James V. Kohl

About James V. Kohl 1308 Articles
James Vaughn Kohl was the first to accurately conceptualize human pheromones, and began presenting his findings to the scientific community in 1992. He continues to present to, and publish for, diverse scientific and lay audiences, while constantly monitoring the scientific presses for new information that is relevant to the development of his initial and ongoing conceptualization of human pheromones. Recently, Kohl integrated scientific evidence that pinpoints the evolved neurophysiological mechanism that links olfactory/pheromonal input to genes in hormone-secreting cells of tissue in a specific area of the brain that is primarily involved in the sensory integration of olfactory and visual input, and in the development of human sexual preferences. His award-winning 2007 article/book chapter on multisensory integration: The Mind’s Eyes: Human pheromones, neuroscience, and male sexual preferences followed an award winning 2001 publication: Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology, which was coauthored by disinguished researchers from Vienna. Rarely do researchers win awards in multiple disciplines, but Kohl’s 2001 award was for neuroscience, and his 2007 “Reiss Theory” award was for social science. Kohl has worked as a medical laboratory scientist since 1974, and he has devoted more than twenty-five years to researching the relationship between the sense of smell and the development of human sexual preferences. Unlike many researchers who work with non-human subjects, medical laboratory scientists use the latest technology from many scientific disciplines to perform a variety of specialized diagnostic medical testing on people. James V. Kohl is certified with: * American Society for Clinical Pathology * American Medical Technologists James V. Kohl is a member of: * Society for Neuroscience * Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology * Association for Chemoreception Sciences * Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality * International Society for Human Ethology * American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science * Mensa, the international high IQ society