Honeybees, food odors, and perfume

Bees yield clues to unlocking brain disorders

(Medical Xpress) — Queensland Brain Institute researchers are a step closer to unlocking the mysteries of disorders like schizophrenia and autism – through peering into the brains of bees.

“Beyond serving as a model for human function, insects are useful in olfactory research for a range of other reasons…”

The most important biological function of the brain is to generate behaviors that promote the welfare of an animal.”  Given that fact, how has any researcher linked any evolutionary event to differences in behavior? The only known link from the sensory environment of any organism to its behavior is RNA-mediated. In 1996, our Hormones and Behavior review article detailed how these RNA-mediated events link conserved molecular mechanisms to cell type differentiation in species from yeasts to mammals. When Elekonich and Robinson then extended hormone-organized and hormone-activated behaviors to insects, they also extended what was known about RNA-mediated events from the development of insect behavior to the development of human behavior via conserved molecular mechanisms. When Elekonich and Roberts then extended the conserved molecular mechanisms to the life history transitions of honeybees, the RNA-mediated link from the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of DNA in the organized genomes of all species became perfectly clear.

However, evolutionary theorists and human ethologists have continued to tout the pseudoscientific nonsense of their theories about mutations and natural selection, which might somehow be linked to the evolution of biodiversity. It appears that most of them have still not realized that biodiversity is nutrient-dependent, RNA-mediated, and pheromone-controlled.

About James V. Kohl 1308 Articles
James Vaughn Kohl was the first to accurately conceptualize human pheromones, and began presenting his findings to the scientific community in 1992. He continues to present to, and publish for, diverse scientific and lay audiences, while constantly monitoring the scientific presses for new information that is relevant to the development of his initial and ongoing conceptualization of human pheromones. Recently, Kohl integrated scientific evidence that pinpoints the evolved neurophysiological mechanism that links olfactory/pheromonal input to genes in hormone-secreting cells of tissue in a specific area of the brain that is primarily involved in the sensory integration of olfactory and visual input, and in the development of human sexual preferences. His award-winning 2007 article/book chapter on multisensory integration: The Mind’s Eyes: Human pheromones, neuroscience, and male sexual preferences followed an award winning 2001 publication: Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology, which was coauthored by disinguished researchers from Vienna. Rarely do researchers win awards in multiple disciplines, but Kohl’s 2001 award was for neuroscience, and his 2007 “Reiss Theory” award was for social science. Kohl has worked as a medical laboratory scientist since 1974, and he has devoted more than twenty-five years to researching the relationship between the sense of smell and the development of human sexual preferences. Unlike many researchers who work with non-human subjects, medical laboratory scientists use the latest technology from many scientific disciplines to perform a variety of specialized diagnostic medical testing on people. James V. Kohl is certified with: * American Society for Clinical Pathology * American Medical Technologists James V. Kohl is a member of: * Society for Neuroscience * Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology * Association for Chemoreception Sciences * Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality * International Society for Human Ethology * American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science * Mensa, the international high IQ society