In flies with a particular microbe, they only want to mate with others who have that microbe. This occurs because of a smell from the microbe. In groups of hyenas, groups identify their social groups by a particular smell from microbes they carry. This influence can affect the ultimate evolution of the species.
My comment: Jon Lieff provides more facts about the virus-driven nutrient-dependent RNA-mediated physiology of pheromone-controlled reproduction that links insects to mammals. However, he still places ecological variation and ecological adaptation into the context of evolution. He has done plenty to inform others about the need for pattern recognition across species but continues to tout evolution.
See, for comparison: Pattern recognition: biogeochemical structure and function
Unique miRNAs appear to link the nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled life history transitions of bees to RNA-mediated metabolic networks and genetic networks in all genera via base pair substitutions and amino acid substitutions that differentiate cell types.
My comment: I hope Jon Lieff will also start framing his excellent information in the context of the RNA-mediated metabolic networks and genetic networks in all genera that link base pair substitutions and amino acid substitutions to cell type differentiation. There is no need to use de Vries definition of “mutation” and the assumptions of population geneticists about how long it would take accumulated mutations to lead to the evolution of one species from another species. He knows as well as anyone that species don’t evolve from other species.
In his article on microbes, he inadvertently also extends what is known about RNA interference in squid from the nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled physiology of bioluminescent bacteria in their light organ to the squid’s nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled behavior via the conserved molecular mechanisms that link pattern recognition to the structures and functions of all species, via their species-specific behavioral phenotypes. For example, the bacterial flagellum reportedly re-evolved in 4 days, which attests to how ridiculous the claims of evolutionary theorists have become in the context of the flagellum as an ecological adaptation that is required to support the nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction is some microbes.
Excerpt: When molecular motors carry cargo, their purpose is to find a destination. They thoroughly explore their immediate environment. If a destination is not found, they travel further, repeating the action until a destination is found.
My comment: The bacterial flagellum that reported re-evolved was required to find food. That means it took only 4 days for the bacteria to ecologically adapt via the creation of a re-engineered structure, which is almost always reported as an example of complexity that somehow evolves, and — in this case — re-evolved.
After 96 hours of incubation of AR2 and Pf0-2x at room temperature on SMM, two breakout mutations were visible, conferring first slow (AR2S and Pf0-2xS) and then fast (AR2F and Pf0-2xF) spreading over the agar surface (Fig. 1A). The AR2F strain produces flagella, but we could not detect flagella in electron microscopy samples for AR2S (Fig. 1B). Genome resequencing revealed a single-nucleotide point mutation in ntrB in strain AR2S, causing an amino acid substitution within the PAS domain of the histidine kinase sensor NtrB [Thr97→Pro97 (T97P)] (13). The fast-spreading strain AR2F had acquired an additional point mutation in the σ54-dependent EBP gene ntrC, which alters an amino acid (R442C) within the DNA binding domain (Table 1 and table S2).
My comment: They claim that resurrection of the flagellum occurred only after two different point mutations, which are actually nutrient-dependent amino acid substitutions. The nutrient-dependent RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions were fixed in the re-organized genome via the physiology of bacterial reproduction, which is controlled by pheromones. The claim of the flagellum’s evolution and its re-evolution are not supported by experimental evidence. The claim that the bacterial flagellum is an ecological adaptation is supported by the fact that the adaptation again occurred in 4 days, which links it from the de novo creation of light-induced amino acids to cell type differentiation in all genera.