Ecologically linked adapted ants and brains

Ants Swarm Like Brains Think

A neuroscientist studies ant colonies to understand feedback in the brain.

By Carrie Arnold April 24, 2014

Excerpt: “The behavior of each individual in the group is set by the rate at which it meets other ants and a set of basic rules. Its behavior alters that of its neighbors, which in turn affects the original ant, in a classic example of feedback. The result is astonishing, complex behavior.”

My comment: The molecular mechanisms of nutrient-dependent intracellular, intercellular, and extracellular signaling appear to be conserved in species from microbes to man. In ants, the mechanisms are pheromone-controlled. If no other organism on this planet supports representations that mutations are somehow responsible for evolution, what could explain the lack of acceptance for the scientific truth?

Ecologically linked variation results in nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations via conserved molecular mechanisms.  Ecologically linked changes in nutrient-dependent morphology and pheromone-controlled species-specific behaviors does not seem like a difficult concept to grasp. That means it is time for those who cannot seem to grasp it to explain why they think mutations, or anything else, might be responsible for the behavior of any organism.

Odor memories regulate olfactory receptor expression in the sensory periphery of honeybees. It is unlikely that any other regulatory mechanisms cause differences in morphology and behavior in other model organisms, especially ants. Thus, the fact that “…olfactory receptor expression is experience-dependent and modulated by scent conditioning…” is one that should be considered in the context of the mechanism that appears to underlie the plasticity of signaling that involves nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled changes in the microRNA/messenger RNA balance, DNA methlylation, and RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions that differentiate the cell types of individuals in species from microbes to man.

If others consider the possibility that mutations somehow cause controlled changes in morphology or behavior in any organism, they should provide reasons for such considerations so that their reasoning can be compared to what is known about biological facts that link ecological variation to ecological adaptation in all species.

Signaling Crosstalk: Integrating Nutrient Availability and Sex (microbes)

Feedback loops link odor and pheromone signaling with reproduction (vertebrates)

Nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations: from atoms to ecosystems (viruses to whales and humans)

About James V. Kohl 1308 Articles
James Vaughn Kohl was the first to accurately conceptualize human pheromones, and began presenting his findings to the scientific community in 1992. He continues to present to, and publish for, diverse scientific and lay audiences, while constantly monitoring the scientific presses for new information that is relevant to the development of his initial and ongoing conceptualization of human pheromones. Recently, Kohl integrated scientific evidence that pinpoints the evolved neurophysiological mechanism that links olfactory/pheromonal input to genes in hormone-secreting cells of tissue in a specific area of the brain that is primarily involved in the sensory integration of olfactory and visual input, and in the development of human sexual preferences. His award-winning 2007 article/book chapter on multisensory integration: The Mind’s Eyes: Human pheromones, neuroscience, and male sexual preferences followed an award winning 2001 publication: Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology, which was coauthored by disinguished researchers from Vienna. Rarely do researchers win awards in multiple disciplines, but Kohl’s 2001 award was for neuroscience, and his 2007 “Reiss Theory” award was for social science. Kohl has worked as a medical laboratory scientist since 1974, and he has devoted more than twenty-five years to researching the relationship between the sense of smell and the development of human sexual preferences. Unlike many researchers who work with non-human subjects, medical laboratory scientists use the latest technology from many scientific disciplines to perform a variety of specialized diagnostic medical testing on people. James V. Kohl is certified with: * American Society for Clinical Pathology * American Medical Technologists James V. Kohl is a member of: * Society for Neuroscience * Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology * Association for Chemoreception Sciences * Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality * International Society for Human Ethology * American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science * Mensa, the international high IQ society