Ecological adaptations link bats to humans


Is Evolution Predictable?

Excerpt:  “…evolution is not really predictable because too many chance events can knock it off course.”

My comment: Ecological variation predicts nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction via conserved molecular mechanisms manifested in the morphological and behavioral phenotypes of species from microbes to man.

Examples (in the birds and the bees):

Estrogen receptor α polymorphism in a species with alternative behavioral phenotypes

Epigenomics and the concept of degeneracy in biological systems

Other examples: “Nutrient–dependent / pheromone–controlled adaptive evolution: a model

Natural selection occurs for nutrients via experience induced de novo Creation of olfactory receptor genes in vertebrates and invertebrates.

What appears to be missing from evolutionary theory is any explanatory power whatsoever due to an overall lack of knowledge that must include what’s currently known about biophysically constrained nutrient-dependent amino acid substitutions and cell type differentiation in all species via an atoms to ecosystems model of biologically based cause and effect.

Theorists would rather believe in mutations and natural selection than biophysically constrained cause and effect. I think that’s because they didn’t understand biology, and will therefore never understand the physics and chemistry of molecular biology.

See also: Replace the Modern Synthesis (Neo-Darwinism): An Interview With Denis Noble. Neo-Darwinism can be replaced merely by consideration of what is currently known about biologically-based cause and effect.

Maternal nutrition at conception modulates DNA methylation of human metastable epialleles and Genetic Interactions Involving Five or More Genes Contribute to a Complex Trait in Yeast link the nutrient-dependent differentiation of cell types in individuals of all species from ecological variation to pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations via conserved molecular mechanisms of signaling and sensing, which are manifested in Chemosensory Communication of Gender through Two Human Steroids in a Sexually Dimorphic Manner.

Frugivory in bats extends nutrient-dependent base pair changes and stabilization of the genome associated with vitamin C and the pheromone-controlled physiology of mammalian reproduction from the fossil record of bats to the fossil record of humans via the conserved molecular mechanisms of olfactory/pheromonal input.

Ecological adaptation determines functional mammalian olfactory subgenomes

The evolution of sensory divergence in the context of limited gene flow in the bumblebee bat

Molecular adaptation of telomere associated genes in mammals

A Cluster of Olfactory Receptor Genes Linked to Frugivory in Bats

Loss of Olfactory Receptor Function in Hominin Evolution appears to have occurred as sufficient dietary intake eliminated the ongoing need to sniff out sources of vitamin C.

Far from random, evolution follows a predictable genetic pattern, Princeton researchers find

 Posted October 25, 2012; 12:00 p.m.

My comment: The predictable genetic pattern is one that links ecological variation to ecological adaptations via the nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction.

See also my comment to Science on Late Pleistocene Human Skeleton and mtDNA Link Paleoamericans and Modern Native Americans

Re: “…the differences in craniofacial form between Native Americans and their Paleoamerican predecessors are best explained as evolutionary changes…”

The fact that ‘Large Numbers of Novel miRNAs Originate from DNA Transposons and Are Coincident with a Large Species Radiation in Bats’ suggests that differences in the skull and teeth result from ecological variation, which is manifested in morphological and behavioral phenotypes as nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled ecological adaptations.

See for example: ‘A Cluster of Olfactory Receptor Genes Linked to Frugivory in Bats’ and the model of cause and effect via conserved molecular mechanisms across all species: Nutrient–dependent / pheromone–controlled adaptive evolution: a model.

About James V. Kohl 1308 Articles
James Vaughn Kohl was the first to accurately conceptualize human pheromones, and began presenting his findings to the scientific community in 1992. He continues to present to, and publish for, diverse scientific and lay audiences, while constantly monitoring the scientific presses for new information that is relevant to the development of his initial and ongoing conceptualization of human pheromones. Recently, Kohl integrated scientific evidence that pinpoints the evolved neurophysiological mechanism that links olfactory/pheromonal input to genes in hormone-secreting cells of tissue in a specific area of the brain that is primarily involved in the sensory integration of olfactory and visual input, and in the development of human sexual preferences. His award-winning 2007 article/book chapter on multisensory integration: The Mind’s Eyes: Human pheromones, neuroscience, and male sexual preferences followed an award winning 2001 publication: Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology, which was coauthored by disinguished researchers from Vienna. Rarely do researchers win awards in multiple disciplines, but Kohl’s 2001 award was for neuroscience, and his 2007 “Reiss Theory” award was for social science. Kohl has worked as a medical laboratory scientist since 1974, and he has devoted more than twenty-five years to researching the relationship between the sense of smell and the development of human sexual preferences. Unlike many researchers who work with non-human subjects, medical laboratory scientists use the latest technology from many scientific disciplines to perform a variety of specialized diagnostic medical testing on people. James V. Kohl is certified with: * American Society for Clinical Pathology * American Medical Technologists James V. Kohl is a member of: * Society for Neuroscience * Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology * Association for Chemoreception Sciences * Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality * International Society for Human Ethology * American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science * Mensa, the international high IQ society