Cultural processes are biologically based

Natural Selection Is Still With Us

“Courtiol is not certain how strong natural selection is today, particularly in the developed world. But he says that at the very least, the data show that even as recently as 200 years ago, it still played a role in shaping humans as a species. As such, he notes, biological and cultural processes should both be considered in understanding how humans are changing through time.”

My Comments:

Background: Cultural processes are biologically based.

Explanation: Nutrient chemicals calibrate intracellular signaling and stochastic gene expression that establishes diversity in ecotypes (i.e., in the organisms that do not die of starvation). The metabolism of nutrient chemicals to pheromones that standardize and control intracellular signaling and stochastic gene expression establishes diversity in ecotype-dependent social niches, which are the basis for the development of culture.

Problem: Ignoring the molecular biology common to all organisms from microbes to man makes it appear that biological and cultural processes operate somewhat independently across species — as if there were significant differences in the molecular biology of different species. Instead, the significant differences are in the availability of nutrient chemicals and in the pre-existing genetic variation that 1) contributes to the metabolism of nutrients to pheromones; that 2) control species-specific reproduction, that 3) makes it appear that cultural processes should be considered outside the context of the basic principles of biology and levels of biological organization required to link sensory stimuli from the environment directly to changes in pre-existing genetic variations.

Solution: In the past few years, the importance of sexual selection for chemosensory cues, which are called pheromones, has been demonstrated in birds and in fish to be a requirement for adaptive evolution as it is in other species that sexually reproduce, including humans. The cultural denial of human pheromones is akin to denying that food odors do not exist, because — as I said — nutrient chemicals calibrate... and pheromones standardize and control species survival via the same molecular mechanisms.

About James V. Kohl 1307 Articles
James Vaughn Kohl was the first to accurately conceptualize human pheromones, and began presenting his findings to the scientific community in 1992. He continues to present to, and publish for, diverse scientific and lay audiences, while constantly monitoring the scientific presses for new information that is relevant to the development of his initial and ongoing conceptualization of human pheromones. Recently, Kohl integrated scientific evidence that pinpoints the evolved neurophysiological mechanism that links olfactory/pheromonal input to genes in hormone-secreting cells of tissue in a specific area of the brain that is primarily involved in the sensory integration of olfactory and visual input, and in the development of human sexual preferences. His award-winning 2007 article/book chapter on multisensory integration: The Mind’s Eyes: Human pheromones, neuroscience, and male sexual preferences followed an award winning 2001 publication: Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology, which was coauthored by disinguished researchers from Vienna. Rarely do researchers win awards in multiple disciplines, but Kohl’s 2001 award was for neuroscience, and his 2007 “Reiss Theory” award was for social science. Kohl has worked as a medical laboratory scientist since 1974, and he has devoted more than twenty-five years to researching the relationship between the sense of smell and the development of human sexual preferences. Unlike many researchers who work with non-human subjects, medical laboratory scientists use the latest technology from many scientific disciplines to perform a variety of specialized diagnostic medical testing on people. James V. Kohl is certified with: * American Society for Clinical Pathology * American Medical Technologists James V. Kohl is a member of: * Society for Neuroscience * Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology * Association for Chemoreception Sciences * Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality * International Society for Human Ethology * American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science * Mensa, the international high IQ society