Blue eyes and dark skin

Spanish hunter-gatherer had blue eyes and dark skin

Excerpt: The arrival of the Neolithic, with a carbohydrate-based diet and new pathogens transmitted by domesticated animals, entailed metabolic and immunological challenges that were reflected in genetic adaptations of post-Mesolithic populations. Among these is the ability to digest lactose, which La Braña individual could not do.

My comment: Journal article abstract excerpt: “The adoption of farming, stock breeding and sedentary societies during the Neolithic may have resulted in adaptive changes in genes associated with immunity and diet.

See: Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model

In that recent review, I detailed how nutrient-dependent epigenetically-effected alternative splicings in pre-mRNA led to amino acid substitutions and chromosomal rearrangements manifested in the species-specific cell types of different individuals in different species with specific morphological and behavioral phenotypes.

As has since exemplified in published works on birds and bees, mutation-driven evolution is no longer considered to be ecologically valid or biologically plausible, since ecological adaptations are clearly nutrient-dependent and pheromone-controlled in species from microbes to man.

For attempts to discuss these biological facts on the International Society for Human Ethology’s yahoo group, see my series of comments on

de novo creation of olfactory receptor genes and downstream effects and affects 

de novo gene creation sans mutations (as previously reported)

Removing experimental evidence of amino acid/noncoding polymorphism  Here’s another way to skew the reporting of results in favor of mutation-driven evolution: Remove any results that indicate amino acid substitutions may be involved in selection for morphological and behavioral traits of of nutrient-dependent phermone-controlled reproduction.

de novo gene creation sans mutations (as previously reported)  the author of Mutation-Driven Evolution decided a few years ago to: “…not consider geographical and ecological factors because of space limitation.”

About James V. Kohl 1308 Articles
James Vaughn Kohl was the first to accurately conceptualize human pheromones, and began presenting his findings to the scientific community in 1992. He continues to present to, and publish for, diverse scientific and lay audiences, while constantly monitoring the scientific presses for new information that is relevant to the development of his initial and ongoing conceptualization of human pheromones. Recently, Kohl integrated scientific evidence that pinpoints the evolved neurophysiological mechanism that links olfactory/pheromonal input to genes in hormone-secreting cells of tissue in a specific area of the brain that is primarily involved in the sensory integration of olfactory and visual input, and in the development of human sexual preferences. His award-winning 2007 article/book chapter on multisensory integration: The Mind’s Eyes: Human pheromones, neuroscience, and male sexual preferences followed an award winning 2001 publication: Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology, which was coauthored by disinguished researchers from Vienna. Rarely do researchers win awards in multiple disciplines, but Kohl’s 2001 award was for neuroscience, and his 2007 “Reiss Theory” award was for social science. Kohl has worked as a medical laboratory scientist since 1974, and he has devoted more than twenty-five years to researching the relationship between the sense of smell and the development of human sexual preferences. Unlike many researchers who work with non-human subjects, medical laboratory scientists use the latest technology from many scientific disciplines to perform a variety of specialized diagnostic medical testing on people. James V. Kohl is certified with: * American Society for Clinical Pathology * American Medical Technologists James V. Kohl is a member of: * Society for Neuroscience * Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology * Association for Chemoreception Sciences * Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality * International Society for Human Ethology * American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science * Mensa, the international high IQ society