I am not quite finished with this blog post, but will update it after posting to protect against piracy of the concept.
Abstract excerpt: The study of these systems therefore provides valuable insight into nonlinearities and the emergence of causal structures in quantum mechanics—essential for any formulation of a quantum theory of gravity. Here we experimentally simulate the nonlinear behaviour of a qubit interacting unitarily with an older version of itself, addressing some of the fascinating effects that arise in systems traversing a closed timelike curve. These include perfect discrimination of non-orthogonal states and, most intriguingly, the ability to distinguish nominally equivalent ways of preparing pure quantum states.
Excerpt: “Physicists have simulated a photon interacting with an older version of itself in an experiment that could help reconcile quantum mechanics and relativity”
Interpreted by Jaya R. Bista in the context of: “This same case happen in Chromosomes between DNA . There is like Time Travel in inside our body.”
My comment: “…perfect discrimination of non-orthogonal states…” may be linked to self – other recognition of orthologous genes, which link the immune system from metabolic networks to genetic networks in species from microbes to man. For example, food odors and pheromones are linked from the epigenetic landscape to the physical landscape of DNA in organized genomes via biophysically constrained feedback loops that also link RNA-mediated chromatin loops to the chemistry of protein folding via conserved molecular mechanisms. See our section on molecular epigenetics in: From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior. Top-down cause is linked from light-induced amino acid substitutions in plants and animals to the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in animals by RNA-mediated events that link nutrient uptake to the species-specific production of pheromones. See for examples: Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model.
The conserved molecular mechanisms that link ecological variation to ecological adaptation in the context of light-induced amino acid substitutions that differentiate all cell types of all individuals of all species is best exemplified in the symbiotic interactions of the microbe-squid model. The concept can be introduced in links between The Gut Microbiome and the Brain.
For example: This indirect claim is included: Amino acid substitutions differentiate cell types.
Differentiation naturally occurs via the biophysically constrained chemistry of protein folding. Physical and chemical constraints link nutrient-dependent RNA-directed DNA methylation to the RNA-mediated events that differentiate cell types via amino acid substitutions in all cells of all individuals of all species.
See Dr. Edo’s comment.
Symbiosis links light-induced amino acid substitutions in plants and animals to nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled interactions in species from microbes to man. For an example of what can happen in one microbe due to a single amino acid substitution see: The host metabolite D-serine contributes to bacterial niche specificity through gene selection. (That suggests Lenski’s E. coli did not mutate and evolve.)
For an example that extends light-induced amino acid substitutions to the nutrient-dependent chemistry of symbiosis via the pheromone-controlled physiology of reproduction in the bioluminescent microbes of squid, see Microbiology: Here’s looking at you, squid.
For examples from model organisms that extend what we detailed about RNA-mediated cell type differentiation in the molecular epigenetics section of our 1996 Hormones and Behavior review, see Nutrient-dependent/pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution: a model.
If ecological variation does not lead to ecological adaptation via the conserved molecular mechanisms of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions in all genera, we have nothing to fear from the Big Bang cosmologists and evolutionary theorists who have ignored the nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled chemistry of life that enables its biodiversity.
Alternatively, there may be problem if, for example, Life is physics and chemistry and communication.
Amino acid substitutions alter the ability of organisms to communicate in symbiotic relationships that may lead to the physiopathology of organisms like “Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) serotype O157:H7,” which is responsible for outbreaks of bloody diarrhea.
Other microbes have beneficial or deleterious effects, but so far they do not appear to link mutations to evolution.except in science fiction novels and evolutionary theories. Their deleterious effects tend to kill people who cannot quickly ecologically adapt and maintain their thermodynamic cycles of protein biosynthesis and degradation in the context of their organism-level thermoregulation despite the presence of the pathogen.
Dialkylresorcinols as bacterial signaling molecules “The observation that many LuxR homologs such as LuxR solos have substitutions of one or more of these six conserved amino acids originally prompted the idea that these proteins may sense signals other than AHLs, as recently demonstrated for PluR (7).”
The entry of viral RNA into the cell occurs via its ability to ecologically adapt and create differences in its virulence that are linked directly to amino acid substitutions. See for additional information: