Autism: a social message in maternal odor

Body Odors Promote Automatic Imitation in Autism

Abstract Excerpt: “The maternal odor, which conveys a social message otherwise neglected, helps autistic children to covertly imitate the actions of others. Our results represent a starting point holding theoretical and practical relevance for the development of new strategies to enhance communication and social behavior among autistic individuals.”

As I’ve indicated before on two occasions: here and here, the practical relevance incorporates the epigenetic effects of nutrients and pheromones on adaptive evolution in species from microbes to man. We demonstrated the relevance to classically conditioned adult behavior using a study design that also incorporated video-taped interactions during exposure to show the affect on behavior of a mixture of androsterone and androstenol worn by a male confederate during a fifteen minute interaction with ovulatory phase women. In a replication, women also reported increased attraction.

The explanation for the pheromone-enhanced difference follows from the classical conditioning of responses to olfactory/pheromonal input that are genetically predisposed from birth to occur during exposure to other sensory input.  Cause and effect is clearly olfactory/pheromonal in species from microbes to man, as is indicated by the study on autism.

The focus on oxytocin and prosocial behavior does not address cause and effect at the level of molecular mechanisms that are required to link species of mammals. Besides, the focus on oxytocin does not cross other species boundaries as is required in a model of adaptive evolution that includes disordered brain development in autism and in neurodegenerative diseases among other things (i.e., all of them).

About James V. Kohl 1308 Articles
James Vaughn Kohl was the first to accurately conceptualize human pheromones, and began presenting his findings to the scientific community in 1992. He continues to present to, and publish for, diverse scientific and lay audiences, while constantly monitoring the scientific presses for new information that is relevant to the development of his initial and ongoing conceptualization of human pheromones. Recently, Kohl integrated scientific evidence that pinpoints the evolved neurophysiological mechanism that links olfactory/pheromonal input to genes in hormone-secreting cells of tissue in a specific area of the brain that is primarily involved in the sensory integration of olfactory and visual input, and in the development of human sexual preferences. His award-winning 2007 article/book chapter on multisensory integration: The Mind’s Eyes: Human pheromones, neuroscience, and male sexual preferences followed an award winning 2001 publication: Human pheromones: integrating neuroendocrinology and ethology, which was coauthored by disinguished researchers from Vienna. Rarely do researchers win awards in multiple disciplines, but Kohl’s 2001 award was for neuroscience, and his 2007 “Reiss Theory” award was for social science. Kohl has worked as a medical laboratory scientist since 1974, and he has devoted more than twenty-five years to researching the relationship between the sense of smell and the development of human sexual preferences. Unlike many researchers who work with non-human subjects, medical laboratory scientists use the latest technology from many scientific disciplines to perform a variety of specialized diagnostic medical testing on people. James V. Kohl is certified with: * American Society for Clinical Pathology * American Medical Technologists James V. Kohl is a member of: * Society for Neuroscience * Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology * Association for Chemoreception Sciences * Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality * International Society for Human Ethology * American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science * Mensa, the international high IQ society